Angels, from Scofield Reference Notes (1917)

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Angel, “messenger,” is used of God, of men, and of an order of created spiritual beings whose chief attributes are strength and wisdom. 2 Samuel 14:20; Psalms 103:20; 104:4. In the O.T. the expression “the angel of the Lord” (sometimes “of God”) usually implies the presence of Deity in angelic form. ; Genesis 16:1-13; 21:17-19; Genesis 22:11-16; 31:11-13; Exodus 3:2-4; Judges 2:1; 6:12-16; 13:3-22 (See Scofield “Malachi 3:1”) . The word “angel” is used of men in ; Luke 7:24; James 2:25; Revelation 1:20; 2:1,8,12,18; 3:1,7,14 In Revelation 8:3-5. Christ is evidently meant. Sometimes angel is used of the spirit of man. ; Matthew 18:10; Acts 12:15. Though angels are spirits ; Psalms 104:4; Hebrews 1:14 power is given them to become visible in the semblance of human form. Genesis 19:1 cf ; Genesis 19:5; Exodus 3:2; Numbers 22:22-31; Judges 2:1; 6:11,22; 13:3,6; 1 Chronicles 21:16,20; Matthew 1:20; Luke 1:26; John 20:12; Acts 7:30; 12:7,8, etc.). The word is always used in the masculine gender, though sex, in the human sense, is never ascribed to angels. ; Matthew 22:30; Mark 12:25. They are exceedingly numerous. ; Matthew 26:53; Hebrews 12:22; Revelation 5:11; Psalms 68:17. The power is inconceivable. 2 Kings 19:35. Their place is about the throne of God. ; Revelation 5:11; 7:11. Their relation to the believer is that of “ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation,” and this ministry has reference largely to the physical safety and well-being of believers. ; 1 Kings 19:5; Psalms 34:7; 91:11; Daniel 6:22; Matthew 2:13,19; 4:11; Luke 22:43; Acts 5:19; Acts 12:7-10. From ; Hebrews 1:14; Matthew 18:10; Psalms 91:11 it would seem that this care for the heirs of salvation begins in infancy and continues through life. The angels observe us ; 1 Corinthians 4:9; Ephesians 3:10; Ecclesiastes 5:6 a fact which should influence conduct. They receive departing saints. Luke 16:22. Man is made "a little lower than the angels," and in incarnation Christ took "for a little “time” this lower place. ; Psalms 8:4,5; Hebrews 2:6,9 that He might lift the believer into His own sphere above angels. Hebrews 2:9,10. The angels are to accompany Christ in His second advent. Matthew 25:31. To them will be committed the preparation of the judgment of the nations. Matthew 13:30,39,41,42. See Scofield “Matthew 25:32”. The kingdom-age is not to be subject to angels, but to Christ and those for whom He was made a little lower than the angels. Hebrews 2:5 An archangel, Michael, is mentioned as having a particular relation to Israel and to the resurrections. ; Daniel 10:13,21; 12:1,2; Jude 1:9; 1 Thessalonians 4:16. The only other angel whose name is revealed Gabriel, was employed in the most distinguished services. ; Daniel 8:16; 9:21; Luke 1:19,26.

Fallen angels. Two classes of these are mentioned:

(1) “The angels which kept not their first estate place, but left their own habitation,” are “chained under darkness,” awaiting judgment. 2 Peter 2:4; Jude 1:6; 1 Corinthians 6:3; John 5:22.

(See Scofield “Genesis 6:4”)

(2) The angels who have Satan Genesis 3:1 as leader.

(See Scofield “Revelation 20:10”) .

The origin of these is nowhere explicitly revealed. They may be identical with the demons.

(See Scofield “Matthew 7:22”) . For Satan and his angels everlasting fire is prepared. Matthew 25:41; Revelation 20:10.

Hebrews 1:4

Being made so much better than the , as he hath by inheritance obtained a more than they.

2 Samuel 14:20

To fetch about this form of speech hath thy servant Joab done this thing: and my lord is wise, according to the of an angel of God, to know all things that are in the earth.

Psalms 103:20

Bless the LORD, ye his angels, that excel in , that do his commandments, hearkening unto the of his word.

Psalms 104:4

Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a :

Genesis 31:13

I am the God of , where thou anointedst the pillar, and where thou vowedst a vow unto me: now arise, get thee out from this land, and return unto the land of thy kindred.

Exodus 3:2-4

2 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not .

3 And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this , why the bush is not burnt.

4 And when the saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I.

Judges 13:20-22

20 For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward from off the altar, that the of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on it, and fell on their faces to the ground.

21 But the did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he was an angel of the LORD.

22 Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely , because we have seen God.

Matthew 22:30

For in the they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in .

Mark 12:25

For when they shall , they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels which are in heaven.

Psalms 34:7

The angel of the LORD round about them that fear him, and delivereth them.

Psalms 91:11

For he shall give his angels over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways.

Daniel 6:22

My God hath sent his angel, and hath shut the lions’ mouths, that they have not hurt me: forasmuch as before him was found in me; and also before thee, O king, have I done no hurt.

Matthew 2:13, 19

13 And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.

19 But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to in Egypt,

Matthew 4:11

Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and unto him.

Luke 22:43

And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, him.

Acts 5:19

But the angel of the Lord by night opened the , and brought them forth, and said,

Hebrews 1:14

Are they not all spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be ?

Matthew 18:10

Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven.

Psalms 8:4-5

4 What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?

5 For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with and .

Hebrews 2:6-10

6 But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him?

7 Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands:

8 Thou hast put all things in under his feet. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing that is not put under him. But now we see not yet all things put under him.

9 But we see , who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.

10 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the perfect through sufferings.

2 Peter 2:4

For if God not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into , to be reserved unto judgment;

1 Corinthians 6:3

Know ye not that we shall angels? how much more things that pertain to this life?

John 5:22

For the judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:

Matthew 25:41

Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into , prepared for the devil and his angels:

Revelation 20:10

And the devil that deceived them was cast into the , where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

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