Forgiveness, from Scofield Reference Notes (1917)

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Forgiveness. Summary: The Greek word translated “remission” in Matthew 26:28; Acts 10:43; Hebrews 9:22 is elsewhere rendered “forgiveness.” It means, to send off, or away. And this, throughout Scripture, is the one fundamental meaning of forgiveness--to separate the sin from the sinner. Distinction must be made between divine and human forgiveness:

(1) Human forgiveness means the remission of penalty. In the Old Testament and the New, in type and fulfilment, the divine forgiveness follows the execution of the penalty. “The priest shall make an atonement for his sin that he had committed, and it shall be forgiven him” Leviticus 4:35.

“This is my blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission sending away, forgiveness of sins” (Matthew 25:28). “Without shedding of blood there is no remission” Hebrews 9:22.

See “Sacrifice” (See Scofield “Genesis 4:4”) ; Genesis 4:4 See Scofield “Hebrews 10:18”. The sin of the justified believer interrupts his fellowship, and is forgiven upon confession, but always on the ground of Christ’s propitiating sacrifice ; 1 John 1:6-9; 2:2.

(2) Human forgiveness rests upon and results from the divine forgiveness. In many passages this is assumed rather than stated, but the principle is declared in Ephesians 4:32; Matthew 18:32,33.

Matthew 26:28

For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the of sins.

Acts 10:43

To him give all the prophets witness, that whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins.

Hebrews 9:22

And almost all things are by the law with blood; and without is no remission.

Leviticus 4:35

And he shall take away all the fat thereof, as the fat of the is taken away from the of the peace offerings; and the priest shall burn them upon the altar, according to the offerings made by fire unto the LORD: and the priest shall make an for his sin that he hath committed, and it shall be him.

Matthew 25:28

Take therefore the from him, and give it unto him which hath ten talents.

Genesis 4:4

And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had unto Abel and to his offering:

Hebrews 10:18

Now where remission of these is, there is no more for sin.

1 John 1:6-9

6 If we say that we have with him, and , we lie, and do not the truth:

7 But if we , as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us .

8 If we say that we have no sin, we ourselves, and the truth is not in us.

9 If we confess our sins, he is to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

1 John 2:2

And he is the for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.

Ephesians 4:32

And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, one another, even as God for Christ’s sake hath forgiven you.

Matthew 18:32-33

32 Then his lord, after that he had called him, said unto him, O thou wicked servant, I thee all that debt, because thou desiredst me:

33 Shouldest not thou also have had on thy fellowservant, even as I had pity on thee?

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