The Holy Spirit in the New Testament, from Scofield Reference Notes (1917)

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The Holy Spirit, N.T. Summary (see Malachi 2:15, note): (See Scofield “Malachi 2:15”) .

(1) The Holy Spirit is revealed as a divine Person. This is expressly declared (e.g.) John 14:16,17,26; 15:26; 16:7-15; Matthew 28:19 and everywhere implied.

(2) The revelation concerning Him is progressive

(a) In the O.T. (See Scofield “Malachi 2:15”) . He comes upon whom He will, apparently without reference to conditions in them

(b) During His earth-life, Christ taught His disciples Luke 11:13 that they might receive the Spirit through prayer to the Father.

(c) At the close of His ministry He promised that He would Himself pray the Father, and that in answer to prayer the Comforter would come to abide John 14:16,17.

(d) On the evening of His resurrection He came to the disciples in the upper room, and breathed on them saying, “Receive ye the Holy Ghost” John 20:22 but instructed them to wait before beginning their ministry till the Spirit should come upon them ; Luke 24:49; Acts 1:8.

(e) On the day of Pentecost the Spirit came upon the whole body of believers Acts 2:1-4

(f) After Pentecost, so long as the Gospel was preached to Jews only, the Spirit was imparted to such as believed by the laying on of hands Acts 8:17; 9:17.

(g) When Peter opened the door of the kingdom to the Gentiles (Ac 10.), the Holy Spirit, without delay, or other condition than faith, was given to those who believed. Acts 10:44; 11:15-18. This is the permanent fact for the entire church age. Every believer is born of the Spirit ; John 3:3,6; 1 John 5:1 indwelt by the Spirit, whose presence makes the believer’s body a temple ; 1 Corinthians 6:19; Romans 8:9-15; 1 John 2:27; Galatians 4:6 and baptized by the Spirit ; 1 Corinthians 12:12,13; 1 John 2:20,27 thus sealing him for God ; Ephesians 1:13; 4:30.

(3) The N.T. distinguishes between having the Spirit, which is true of all believers, and being filled with the Spirit, which is the believer’s privilege and duty (cf) Acts 2:4 with ; Acts 4:29-31; Ephesians 1:13,14 with Ephesians 5:18. –“One baptism, many fillings.”

(4) The Holy Spirit is related to Christ in His Conception Matthew 1:18-20; Luke 1:35 baptism ; Matthew 3:16; Mark 1:10; Luke 3:22; John 1:32,33 walk and service Luke 4:1,14 resurrection Romans 8:11, and as His witness throughout this age ; John 15:26; 16:8-11,13,14.

(5) The Spirit forms the church Matthew 16:18 (See Scofield “Hebrews 12:23”) by baptizing all believers into the body of Christ 1 Corinthians 12:12,13, imparts gifts for service to every member of that body 1 Corinthians 12:7-11,27,30, guide the members in their service ; Luke 2:27; 4:1; Acts 16:6,7 and is Himself the power of that service ; Acts 1:8; 2:4; 1 Corinthians 2:4.

(6) The Spirit abides in the company of believers who constitute a local church, making of them, corporately, a temple 1 Corinthians 3:16,17.

(7) Christ indicates a threefold personal relationship of the Spirit to the believer: “With”, “In”, “upon” John 14:17; Luke 24:49; Acts 1:8. “With” indicates the approach of God to the soul, convicting of sin John 16:9 presenting Christ as the object of faith John 16:14 imparting faith Ephesians 2:8 and regenerating John 3:3-16. “In” describes the abiding presence of the Spirit in the believer’s body 1 Corinthians 6:19 to give victory over the flesh ; Romans 8:2-4; Galatians 5:16,17 to create the Christian character Galatians 5:22,23 to help infirmities Romans 8:26 to inspire prayer Ephesians 6:18 to give conscious access to God Ephesians 2:18 to actualize to the believer his sonship Galatians 4:6 to apply the Scripture in cleansing and sanctification ; Ephesians 5:26; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; 1 Peter 1:2 to comfort and intercede ; Acts 9:31; Romans 8:26 and to reveal Christ John 16:14.

(8) Sins against the Spirit committed by unbelievers are: To blaspheme Matthew 12:31, resist Acts 7:51, insult Hebrews 10:29, “despite,” lit. insult). Believers’ sins against the Spirit are: To grieve Him by allowing evil in heart or life Ephesians 4:30,31 and to quench Him by disobedience 1 Thessalonians 5:19.

The right attitude toward the Spirit is yieldedness to His sway in walk and service, and in constant willingness that He shall “put away” whatever grieves Him or hinders His power Ephesians 4:31.

(9) The symbols of the Spirit are: (a) oil John 3:34; Hebrews 1:9 (b) water, John 7:38,39, (c) wind ; Acts 2:2; John 3:8, (d) fire Acts 2:3, (e) a dove Matthew 3:16, (f) a seal ; Ephesians 1:13; 4:30, (g) an earnest or pledge Ephesians 1:14.

Acts 2:4

And they were all with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

Malachi 2:15

And did not he make one? Yet had he the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.

John 14:16-17, 26

16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another , that he may abide with you for ever;

17 Even the Spirit of ; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.

26 But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.

John 15:26

But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall of me:

John 16:7-15

7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will him unto you.

8 And when he is come, he will the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:

9 Of sin, because they not on me;

10 Of , because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more;

11 Of , because the prince of this world is judged.

12 I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now.

13 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.

14 He shall me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you.

15 All things that the hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall shew it unto you.

Matthew 28:19

Go ye therefore, and all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:

Luke 11:13

If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the to them that ask him?

John 20:22

And when he had said this, he on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:

Luke 24:49

And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with .

Acts 1:8

But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.

Acts 8:17

Then laid they their on them, and they received the Holy Ghost.

Acts 9:17

And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, even Jesus, that appeared unto thee in the way as thou camest, hath sent me, that thou mightest receive thy sight, and be with the Holy Ghost.

Acts 10:44

While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the .

Acts 11:15-18

15 And as I began to speak, the fell on them, as on us at the beginning.

16 Then remembered I the word of the Lord, how that he said, John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be with the Holy Ghost.

17 Forasmuch then as God gave them the like gift as he did unto us, who on the Lord Jesus Christ; what was I, that I could withstand God?

18 When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted .

John 3:3, 6

3 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be , he cannot see the kingdom of God.

6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is is spirit.

1 John 5:1

Whosoever believeth that Jesus is the Christ is : and every one that loveth him that begat loveth him also that is begotten of him.

1 Corinthians 6:19

What? know ye not that your body is the of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?

Romans 8:9-15

8 So then they that are in the flesh cannot God.

9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.

10 And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the because of righteousness.

11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.

12 Therefore, brethren, we are , not to the flesh, to live after the flesh.

13 For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do the deeds of the body, ye shall live.

14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the .

15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the , whereby we cry, Abba, Father.

1 John 2:27

But the which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him.

Galatians 4:6

And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, , Father.

1 Corinthians 12:12-13

12 For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many, are : so also is Christ.

13 For by are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.

1 John 2:20

But ye have an from the Holy One, and ye know all things.

Ephesians 4:30

And not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.

Acts 2:4

And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the gave them utterance.

Acts 4:29-31

29 Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch , that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day.

30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the , according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;

31 He seeing this before spake of the of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.

Ephesians 1:14

14 Which is the until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.

Ephesians 5:18

And be not drunk with wine, wherein is ; but be filled with the Spirit;

Matthew 1:18-20

18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.

19 Then Joseph her husband, being a , and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily.

20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is in her is of the Holy Ghost.

Luke 1:35

And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.

Matthew 3:16

And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a , and lighting upon him:

Mark 1:10

And straightway coming up , he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him:

Luke 3:22

And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my ; in thee I am well pleased.

John 1:32-33

32 And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit like a dove, and it abode upon him.

33 And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the .

Luke 4:1, 14

1 And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the ,

14 And Jesus returned in the into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about.

Matthew 16:18

And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

1 Corinthians 12:7-11, 27, 30

7 But the of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.

8 For to one is given by the Spirit the ; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;

9 To another by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit;

10 To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another ; to another divers kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues:

11 But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, to every man severally as he will.

27 Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular.

30 Have all the ? do all speak with tongues? do all interpret?

Luke 2:27

And he came by the Spirit into the temple: and when the parents brought in the , to do for him after the custom of the law,

Acts 16:6-7

6 Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to in Asia,

7 After they were come to Mysia, they assayed to go into Bithynia: but the suffered them not.

1 Corinthians 2:4

And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words of man’s wisdom, but in demonstration of the :

1 Corinthians 3:16-17

16 Know ye not that ye are the , and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?

17 If any man the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.

John 16:14

He shall me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you.

Ephesians 2:8

For by are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:

John 3:4-5, 7-16

4 Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his , and be born?

5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the .

7 Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again.

8 The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is .

9 Nicodemus answered and said unto him, How can these things be?

10 Jesus answered and said unto him, Art thou a , and knowest not these things?

11 Verily, verily, I say unto thee, We speak that we do know, and that we have seen; and ye receive not our witness.

12 If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of things?

13 And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven.

14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be :

15 That whosoever believeth in him should not , but have eternal life.

16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

1 Corinthians 6:19-20

19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?

20 For ye are bought with a price: therefore in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s.

Romans 8:3-4

3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the , and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:

4 That the of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

Galatians 5:16-17, 2-23

16 This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh.

17 For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye that ye would.

22 But the is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,

23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.

Romans 8:26

Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.

Ephesians 6:18

Praying always with all in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;

Ephesians 2:18

For through him we both have by one Spirit unto the Father.

Ephesians 5:26

That he might it with the washing of water by the word,

2 Thessalonians 2:13

But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to of the Spirit and belief of the truth:

1 Peter 1:2

Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through , unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

Acts 9:31

Then had the churches rest throughout all Judaea and Galilee and Samaria, and were edified; and walking in the fear of the Lord, and in the , were multiplied.

John 16:14

He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you.

Acts 7:51

Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always : as your fathers did, so do ye.

Hebrews 10:29

Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the ?

Ephesians 4:30-31

30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the .

31 Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:

1 Thessalonians 5:19

not the Spirit.

John 3:34

For he whom God hath sent speaketh the : for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him.

Hebrews 1:9

Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the above thy fellows.

John 7:38-39

38 He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow .

39 (But this spake he of the , which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)

Acts 2:2

And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a , and it filled all the house where they were sitting.

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