Propitiation, from Scofield Reference Notes (1917)

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Lit. a propitiatory sacrifice, through faith by his blood; (Greek - hilasterion [iÔlasth/rion] , “place of propitiation).” The word occurs, 1 John 2:2; 4:10 as the trans. of hilasmos, “that which propitiates,” “a propitiatory sacrifice.” Hilasterion is used by the Septuagint, and Hebrews 9:5 for “mercy-seat.” The mercy-seat was sprinkled with atoning blood in the day of atonement Leviticus 16:14 in token that the righteous sentence of the law had been (typically) carried out, so that what must else have been a judgment-seat could righteously be a mercy-seat ; Hebrews 9:11-15; 4:14-16, a place of communion Exodus 25:21,22.

In fulfilment of the type, Christ is Himself the hilasmos, “that which propitiates,” and the hilasterion, “the place of propitiation” --the mercy-seat sprinkled with His own blood-- the token that in our stead He so honoured the law by enduring its righteous sentence that God, who ever foresaw the cross, is vindicated in having “passed over” sins from Adam to Moses Romans 5:13 and the sins of believers under the old covenant (See Scofield “Exodus 29:33”) and just in justifying sinners under the covenant. There is no thought in propitiation of placating a vengeful God, but of doing right by His holy law and so making it possible for Him righteously to show mercy.

Remission passing over of sins done aforetime, i.e. since Adam. Cf. Hebrews 9:15.

Romans 3:25

Whom God hath set forth to be a through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the of sins that are past, through the of God;

1 John 2:2

And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the .

1 John 4:10

Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the for our sins.

Hebrews 9:5

And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the ; of which we cannot now speak particularly.

Leviticus 16:14

And he shall take of the of the bullock, and sprinkle it with his finger upon the mercy seat eastward; and before the shall he sprinkle of the blood with his finger seven times.

Hebrews 9:11-15

11 But Christ being come an high priest of , by a greater and more perfect , not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;

12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained redemption for us.

13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the of the flesh:

14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the offered himself without spot to God, from dead works to serve the living God?

15 And for this cause he is the of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal .

Hebrews 4:14-16

14 Seeing then that we have a , that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.

15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our ; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet .

16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain , and find to help in time of need.

Exodus 25:21-22

21 And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the that I shall give thee.

22 And there I will with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.

Romans 5:13

(For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not when there is no law.

Exodus 29:33

And they shall eat those things wherewith the was made, to and to them: but a stranger shall not eat thereof, because they are holy.

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